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Analgesic activity: Pain reduction
Massage stimulation may help block pain signals sent to the brain (the “gate control theory” of pain reduction) (Mezlak and Wall, 1965).If the relative amount of activity is greater in large nerve fibres, there should be little or no pain. However, if there is more activity in small nerve fibres, then there will be pain.
There are different massage mechanisms that can reduce perception of pain:
By interfering with the transmission of pain. Massages on kneaded muscles have an inhibitory effect on the motoneurons. This finding confirms the specificity of the neuromuscular response and suggests that the stimulus and receptors activated during massage are specific to the muscle being massaged (Sullivan et al,1991).
By the release of endorphins. Massage activates the parasympathetic nervous response (Schleip, 2003). , which may stimulate the release of serotonin and beta-endorphins, that are linked with pain relief a feeling of warmth and well-being and a state of deep relaxation and calm (Kaada and Torsteinbø, 1989; Bertolucci, 2008; Fernandez-Perez et al, 2008; Tappan, 1988).
By relieving the stress and tension in muscles and will leave him with a sense of wellbeing. Massage relaxes patients and reduces sympathetic activity; thus, pain is likely to be less intrusive and disruptive to the individual. Massage increases serotonin levels. It is believed that serotonin inhibits transmission of noxious signals to the brain indicating that may also reduce pain. The endocrine involvement of the encephalin serotonin explains the benefits derived from stress management programs, physical exercise and massage (Cailliet, 1988).