On Cardiovascular system


Peripheral circulation has two components: vasodilation of already functioning capillaries and the opening of reserve capillaries.

There are four different mechanisms are in charge of peripheral vasodilation:

1. Mechanical effect of massage strokes;
2. Axon reflex;
3. Ischemic compression and;
4. Reflex vasodilation.

The pumping, squeezing and deep stroking techniques of the therapist, forces the blood flow through dilated vessels, which in turn stretches the vessels. The squeezing effect compresses the vessels and blood rushes back which increases the osmotic pressure, this sudden flow results in more nutrients and plasma to the tissues. The effects of massage also improve circulation by assisting the flow of blood back to the heart through the venous system.