On connective tissue


Provides joint flexibility and range of motion.

Remodel connective tissue (Fibrosis): In vivo, massage (changing levels of externally applied mechanical forces) can remodel the connective tissue. TGF-β1 is one of the key cytokines regulating the response of fibroblasts to injury, as well as the pathological production of fibrosis (Barnard et al., 1990; Sporn and Roberts, 1990; Leask and Abraham, 2004). Massage can attenuate the increase in both soluble TGF-β1 (ex vivo) and Type-1 procollagen (in vivo) following tissue injury. This decreased fibrogenic response with brief, moderate amplitude stretch is in marked contrast to the well-established increase in TGF-β1 and collagen following prolonged low amplitude mechanical (Boufard et al, 2008).

Reduces collagen deposition during tissue repair and scar training (Cummings and Tillman, 1992).

Makes the body more mobile by reducing hyperplasia (thickening) of connective tissue and freeing fascial restrictions.

Displaces adhesions and rearranges scar tissue. Deep friction can create an appropriate scar that is strong yet does not interfere with the muscle’s ability to broaden as it contracts.